Hamadan province is located in the western part of the country with an area of more than 19000 square kilometers. It is bounded on the north by the province of Zanjan, on the south by Lorestan, on the east by the central province and on the west by Kermanshah and Kurdistan. Hamadan is a beautiful highland covered with huge mountains and green slopes, farmlands, pastures, snowcapped peaks anti fertile valleys under a blue sky.

The highest and the most famous peak in Hamadan is Alvand with a height of 3574 meters and a legendary and historical fame no less than of Damavand. Hamadan is a old province with long "winters where there is snow in the mountains for eight months of the year. This gives the province very mild summers and a green natural setting. According to the latest tatistical surveys, Hamadan province's population is 1,650,000 of various ethnic origins with their own special cultures and traditions. Almost all the population is muslins In different areas they speak Persian (Farsi), Turkish, Lori, Laki and Kurdish, however, all of them understand and speak Persian.

The population of Hamadan province is distributed in the 6 cities of Hamadan (the capital of the province), Maiayer, Nahavand, Twiserkan, Kabudarahang and Assadabad as well as their various districts and villages. The occupation of city dwellers is either administrative or industrial services and in other parts of the province agriculture constitutes the people's main business. The capital city of the province is linked by main roads, to Qazvin, Tehran, Kermanshah (and the western parts of the country), Maiayer, Borujerd (and the southern areas) and Saveh (and the country's central regions). Let's begin the visit to Hamadan province.

The main cities of Hamadan Province:


The highland city of Malayer is located about 90 kilometers southeast of Hamadan with a mild temperature. Although it is a very old city, yet the present city which was formerly called Dowlatabad has been built in the early Qajar period. It is a city which is significant from the commercial point of view for its location on the way to Khuzestan. There are some caves like Darreh Farakh and Sardkouh as well as the remains of some old forts around this city. Malayar has urban and medical facilities as well as guest houses and parks. It is a land of grapes.


Located 150 kilometers south of Hamadan, Nahavand is an ancient and historical city. It was the site of the last war between the Iranian Sassanid troops and the Arab muslim warriors. There are still some remains of the ancient Nahavand on the slopes of a hill. Nahavand had been one of the ancient centres of me pre-Aryan tribes. The precious objects unearthed in Gian Hill region reveal that pre-historic civilized people with progressive arts and culture lived in this region. Meanwhile, Achaemenid and Sassanian remains have been found in Gara Ghogha village in the vicinity of' Nahavand. This city has old neighbourhoods with urban stablishments to meet the people's requirements. It is a cold city with agricultural products like grains, fruits and famous handicrafts like rugs.


Twiserkan, located about 100 kilometers south of Hamadan. is the outcome of the merger of three old villages, famely Twi, Serkan and Shekan. However, it was formerly called Roudiar. The latter was ruined in the invasion of the Mongols and its people fled to those three villages. The ancient hills of Baba Kamal, Roudiar, Shahrestaneh, the remains of a Sassanid city in Velashjerd, the Saljuk Dome named after prophet Habaqodq, the Safivid building of Shaykh All Khani School and the Qajar period's covered bazaar, are all indicative of Twiserkan's historical background.

Located 50 kilometers north of Hamadan, Kabudarahang is a water-rich agricultural zone that its development started a few years ago.


This highland city was the birth place of the militant clergy Seyed Jamaleddin Assadabadi (known, as Al-Afghani) who was on advocate of the Islamic solidarity movement. Assadabad is the site of Iran's telecommunications satellite establishments.

Hamadan in the Coures of History Hamadan is one of the oldest cities of not only Iran but of the world. Its historical origins date goes back to several centuries before Christ. Hamadan was the summer capital of the Median and was then called Ekbatan or Hegmataneh, which means a place of assembly. Hamadan is one of the cradles of Oriental Civilization with legendary background. According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (seven walls) which had a thousand rooms and it? grandeur equalled of the Babylon Tower. All the nations living around Iran coveted the prominent natural position of Hamadan from the times immemorial until'recent centuries; and have invaded the city several times. Firsi, the Assyrians destroyed Hamadan.

It was ruined again and again during the invasion of Mongols and Tamerlane. Finally, in the recent centuries the Ottomans attacked the city several times; but Hamadan heroically stood against the enemies and courageously withstood all the damages it has sustained. Hamadan is the homeland of great scholars and men of letters like Einalqozat Hamadani, Khajeh Rashidoddin Fazlollah, Adham Hamadani, Baba Taher Orian and Mirzadeh Eshqi. The tombs of Avicenna and Baba Taher are located in-this city. It should be indicated that Hamadan has preserved its importance in the post Islamic period.

Hamadan Today

Hamadan of today is located in a distance of 336 kilometers from Tehran on the slopes of Mount Alvand.. The city is stretched around a star-shaped square named after Imam Khomemi (PBUH). Out of this square which has preserved its old and beautiful style of architecture, six avenues diverge from the angles of the star. Hamadan has been developed and renovated to a great extent in recent years and gradually this has changed the city's old Fabric. There are still old neighbourhoods with nostalgic names in Hamadan besides its large modem streets and beautiful parks.

The Sights of Hamadan

Ramadan is a city of mild climate in summer. Its natural beauty including Mount Alvand and its beautiful peak as well as the scenery of Morad Baig and Abbasabad valleys will always be remembered by visitors. In this ancient city remains have been unearthed in archaeological excavations of Median and Achaemenid castles, forts and cites on the hills of Hegmataneh and Mossalla. The objects unearthed in those sites, like tablets, gold and silver, plates, and tools are now in great museums. Yet, there aie plenty of other historical monuments and places to be visited by everybody. These include:

The Stone Lion

The Stony Lion 'or the stone lion is a big Parthian monument that was originally made like a lion. It is believed that once there was a counterpart for this monument

Avicenna Memorial Tomb

The tomb of the great Iranian scientist, Avicenna, is in Hamadan with a building and a dome built in 1954. The design of the dome is inspired by the shape of Qabous Voshmgir Tower. There is a library with a number of manuscripts in this building. In the courtyard of the building, there is a tomb belonging to the late Qajar period poet and song writer Abolqassem Aref.

Baba Taher Memorial Tomb

The tomb of the writer of many romantic couplets, Baba Taher, is in Hamadan. The building of the great mystic's tomb has been built in a beautiful park northwest of Hamadan in recent years. The Holy Shrines The devotedly faithful people of Himadan have always paid respectful attention to holy shrines. There are several mosques; mausoleums and shrines in Hamadan including Imamzadeh Esmaeil, Imiimzadeh Abdullah, the Jami Mosque and Khaneqah. The Ganjnameh Epigraphes Most tourists express their interests usually to see the Gaajnameh Epigraphes while visiting Hamadan. These are two inscriptions which were written on a rocky wall on Alvand mountain by King Darius's command during the Achaemenian period. They are located in a beautiful valley which is callsd Abbasabad.

The Alavid Dome

This is the most important Islamic monument in Hamadan. It is a square building of late Saljuk period with a masterly stucco interior. This building has a crypt containing the tombs of two members of the Alavid family.

The Qorban Tower

It is a 12 sided plain brick building with a pyramid shaped dome. It is located in the eastern part of the city; and there is a tomb in its crypt.The Tomb of Esther and Mordecai These are the tombs of two Jewish people whose names appear in the Old Testament. The building is made with bricks and stone on the graveyard of Khashayarshah's wife (Esther) and her uncle (Mordecai). There are antique wooden boxes and manuscripts of the Old Testament inside the building.


The mountatinous position of Hamadan has led to the Iinformation of many wonderful and beautiful caves of which according to specialists the Alisadr Cave is one of the most astonishing. There are few caves like this anywhere else across the world. Local people sometimes call it Alisadr or Alisad. Located 60 Kilometers north of Hamadan, Alisad. is.s vast cave that contains a lake and a labyrinth of charmers along which one can sail for tens of kilometers. The clear water of the lake is several meters deep and the cave's walls, floor and ceiling are covered with an abundance of marvellous stalactites and stalagmites and various natural stones that have taken the shape of various animals, objects and islands. No living creature in this cave and in its water because there is no natural light. However, there is power supply in the cave for lighting. In some of the chambers the distance between the floor and ceiling of me cave reaches 40 meters, but the average height of the cave is about 8 meters. There are boating services with guides and catering facilities for those who wish to visit the rave.


Hamadan Province has two protected environmental sites, one is in the west by the name of Assadabaciand the other is located east of Malayer, named Lashkar. Tht latter hosts antelope, ibex, ram, ewe and leopard. In the high plain of Assadabad lives the area's famous ewe bird. Among the other forms of wildife in this area, there are various types of birds of prey like Delijeh falcon, hawk, falcon, sparrow hawk and Balsban falcon as well as various migratory birds like geese, ducks, partridge and yellow partridge. Antelope and ibex are abundantly found in the highlands of this province. The latter has a pair of swordlike horns as long as 140 centimeters with a beard and a dark strap around the lower neck and chest which adds beauty to this animal. The region's antelope and ibex sometimes weigh up to 60 kilograms and live as long as 14 years. They live in the routh rocky areas where they move quite easily.

Trip to, and Stay in the Province Ali districts and towns of the province are provided with well connected nets of roads, and traviling facilities, so a trip to these destinations is very easy. All towns of the province are well facilitated by networks of services such as telecommunication and health services, and all service staff are familiar with tourism regulations as well as local culture. The International Airport of Hamadan is well facilitated, and many international as well as national flights are held there daily.

Souvenirs from Ramadan

Hamadan has always been well known for handicrafts like leather and ceramic works; as well as for its beautiful carpets. The art of carpet weaving is so significant in Hamadan that the Iranian Carpet Company has established an office there. The carpets and the rugs of Hamadan are famous for their quality, beautiful designs and colors.

The art of ceramics is centered in the village of Lalejin in the vicinity of Hamadan. There are several ceramic workshops and numerous skilful artist that create the most beautiful and colourful ceramic jars in great numbers. Visiting one of these workshops' can be one of the best parts of a tour to Hamadan.