Dr. Kavous Seyed Emami on Academic Nationalism Among Iranian Scholars

Dr. Kavous Sayed-Emami-- Nations & Ethnics, Iran's Ethnic Question Revisited: Implications of various conceptualizations of ethnicity, nation, and unity with particular attention to Iranian diversity.

1945 revolution in Azerbaijan

Patrick J O’Neill

An item in the International Socialist Review supplement to last week's Militant, briefly describing the rise and fall of the post-World War II workers and peasants government in Azerbaijan, stated that "under pressure from Stalin, the workers capitulated to the shah's army without a battle." Far from capitulating, however, the insurgent working people in Azerbaijan were stabbed in the back by Stalin, who brought tremendous pressure to bear on their leaders, a majority of whom finally gave in to his demands.

Iran’s Turkish question

Nevşin Mengü

I was wandering around in a historic caravansary a little outside Kashan in Iran, a Turkic city that dates back to antiquity. A group of students, from the University of Tehran, I later found out, were sightseeing at the historical building just like me. They were having a conversation among themselves. A young girl was surrounded by young men who were explaining something to her with utter enthusiasm. One was saying “There is no language called Turkish; Turkish is a dialect of Farsi.” I was amazed.

International conference on Iran starts in Sweden

The 2-day conference in Stockholm is being organized by the Ankara-based Tabriz Research Institute
A two-day conference on Iran organized by the Ankara-based Tabriz Research Institute began in Stockholm Saturday.
Iran's ethnicity, sectarian structure, political participation and pluralism were being discussed at the conference entitled "Political Pluralism and the Future of Participation of the Nationalities in Iran".
Iranian journalists, researchers and media members were addressing  the conference.

The environmental catastrophe of Lake Urmia in Southern Azerbaijan - Iran

The largest lake in the Middle East is drying up due to a lack of rain, dam construction and poor water management.
An environmental disaster is unfolding in northwest Iran.
Lake Orumiyeh, which was once the largest lake in the Middle East, is rapidly drying up.
Water mismanagement, a lack of rain and the building of a nearby dam are some of the causes.
The Government has developed 19 solutions to try to save Orumiyeh.
Al Jazeera's Soraya Lennie reports from Orumiyeh.

Iran: More than Persia

By Brenda Shaffer - 
DECEMBER 16, 2013
When Iranian President Hassan Rouhani was campaigning, he promised the country’s many ethnic minorities to expand the use of their languages. Rouhani recently signaled his intent to keep that promise, by appointing Iran’s first presidential aid for ethnic and religious minority affairs, acknowledging the country’s minority challenges.
In the multi-ethnic state that is Iran, the political meaning of the population’s diversity will have serious consequences as political normalization with the West continues. Both the United States and the European Union should understand the significance of Iran’s multi-ethnic makeup and prepare policies that can address it.

Open letter to the director of VOA about the discrimination against Turkish rights activist of South Azerbaijan on VOA Persian!

To the director of Voice of America, Mr. David Ensor
Dear Mr. Ensor,
This letter is written to express Azerbaijani civil right activists’ concerns about boycotting the Azerbaijani Turks ethnic groups’ news in Iran by the Persian division of VOA.

In April 2013 five Azerbaijani civil rights activists, Yeni Gamoh party central council, were sentenced for 45 years imprisonment, 9 years each. They focused their efforts on Turk minority human rights in Iran which is violated by Iranian government. 

Tehran Turns Up The Heat (On Azerbaijan)

Ilan Berman, Contributor
I write about foreign policy and national security issues.
With international pressure over its nuclear program mounting, and the recent collapse of its latest round of negotiations with the West, this might seem like a strange time for Iran to pick a fight with its neighbors. Yet on at least one front, that is exactly what it appears to be doing. Recent days have seen a marked downturn in the already-troubled relationship between the Islamic Republic and Azerbaijan, its neighbor to the northwest.

Azerbaijani Lawmaker Gleeful About Iranian Border Treaty Threat

By Ron Synovitz 
Amember of Azerbaijan's ruling political party has reacted gleefully to calls from Iranian lawmakers for the renegotiation of the 19th-century treaty that created the border between their countries. 

Iranian state media suggest that renegotiating the 185-year-old Treaty of Turkmenchay would lead to the annexation of southern Azerbaijan by Tehran.

But Siyavush Novruzov, deputy executive secretary of the ruling New Azerbaijan Party in Baku, says any renegotiation of the treaty would force Tehran to cede territory in northwestern Iran to Azerbaijan.

Iran’s forgotten ethnic minorities

Posted By Alireza Nader, Robert Stewart Wednesday, April 3, 2013

The role and plight of ethnic minorities in Iranian society tends to receive little attention from Western analysts and policymakers. This may be largely due to the predominance of Tehran as the focal point of Iranian culture, politics, and foreign policy. Moreover, Iran's ethnic minorities have been heavily marginalized by Iran's Persian-dominated Shiite theocracy. The suppression of minority rights has resulted in ethnic insurgencies over the years, some of which continue to bedevil the Iranian regime.


This article deals with the Azerbaijani minority in Iran and its potential and real security threat for the country’s internal affairs and for the entire Caspian region. The article opens with an introduction on the ethnic and religious identities of Iranian Azerbaijanis and the community’s historical development in Iran–with a particular emphasis on the 1990s and onward. Next, it reviews the current situation in the region and the group’s primary motives and goals. The study also focuses on the international perspective, including the positions of key local and extra-regional powers that play an important role in the security of the Islamic Republic.

Baku should change the attitude to South Azerbaijan

2013 March 30 ( Saturday )  16:32:17
Iran has no political future, South Azerbaijan will inevitably become independent. This was the keynote of the conference "The Future of Modern South Azerbaijan" held on Saturday at the Park Inn. The event was organized by the National Liberation Front of South Azerbaijan (NLFSA.)

It's time we consider Iran's ethnic minorities

The ethnic diversity of Iran and the government's handling of its minorities may prove to be a hotbed for conflict and separatism. A short overview on the major ethnic groups of the Islamic Republic

The tragedy of the Azerbaijani [Turkish] Ethnic Minority

by Farzin Farzad
We are divided. We are a community that escaped religious indoctrination, racism, and the systematic and social eradication of our language, culture, and our identity. We arrived at the doorstep of the “land of free” to take advantage of all of the liberal economic and social policies that America’s forefathers enshrined in the Constitution. We developed into wealthy, highly-educated, elite members of American society and broke free from a theocratic experiment that is tantamount to a prison on a grand scale. Yet somehow we still can’t seem to formulate who we are. We remain in the most tragic prison of all, in an identity crisis. Are we American, Iranian, or Azerbaijani?

"South Azerbaijan Is Not Iran"

By Umud Duzgun

History made by South Azerbaijanis in an international club match between Tractor of Tabriz and Aljazeera of Dubai. A political chant gained voice and momentum.
On February 26, an Asian Champions League match took place between the soccer teams of Tractor (Tabriz) and Aljazeera (Dubai, UAE).  A seemingly non-political event turned into a highly politicized one when an impressive crowd of 85,000 people started chanting " Yaşasin Azerbaycan! " or Long Live Azerbaijan!

24 Restless Hours

By: Samad Behrangi
Dear readers,
I didn't write the story "24 Restless Hours" to set an example for you. My purpose is rather that you become better acquainted with your fellow children and think about a solution to their problems.                    Samad Behrangi

In Search of Faith

By: Samad Behrangi
Translated by: Bahar Jaberi
Once upon a time there lived the poorest and most unlucky man in the whole world. Anything he tried to do to change his luck had no effect.
One day he said to himself: "I can't just sit here and wait for things to happen, I have to go and find Father Fate and ask him what my destiny will be. Maybe I can think of something to solve my problems."

Interview With Farzin Farzad About South Azerbaijan Petition On White House Website

Please introduce yourself to the readers and tell about your activities.
I was born in the city of Urmia and my family immigrated to the U.S. when I was 5. I hold a Master's Degree from International Affairs from American University and an undergraduate degree in political science from McDaniel college. I have been active in the Azerbaijani rights movement since roughly 2009, when I was an intern for Fakhteh Zamani at Association for Defence of Azerbaijani Political Prisoners in Iran (ADAPP). I have also been active in the Azerbaijani community in D.C. and help the position of Program Officer at the Karabakh Foundation before leaving to co-found the Network of Azerbaijani-Americans from Iran (NAAI).

Recognize that the Islamic Government of Iran is violating the fundamental rights of Iran's Turkish ethnic minority of Azerbaijan

We, the Azerbaijani-American community from Iran, request that the Obama administration recognize that the Islamic Republic of Iran consistently violates the fundamental human rights of Iran's Azerbaijani ethnic minority and those of the other ethnic minorities of Iran. The IRI refuses to grant the Azerbaijanis of Iran the basic rights of free access to education in their mother tongue, free and independent media in the Azerbaijani-Turkic language, and free practice of their culture. Activists who have tried to raise awareness of these issues have been abducted, handed disproportionately heavy prison sentences, tortured in prison, and even murdered. We request that the Obama administration include the plight of the Azerbaijani ethnic minority within the discourse on Iran.


Salt Tsunami and its effect in Salmas

URMIYE, South Azerbaijan, — Salt Tsunami caused by the evaporation of Urmiye Lack has jeopardised the lives of many people and no government plan is announced to remedy it.
The negative side of Salt Tsunami is making its appearances in Salmas city now. The residents of Salmas are reported to have been suffering from eyes problems caused by salt breezing.
According to Urmu news outlet, breezing of salt to Salmas neighbouring has put the lives of many people in danger by their breathing of the lingering bits of the salt.
Ranges of protests had been launched in the past to raise the issue nationwide with the view of making the government feel accountable toward the Lack.
Some plans had been announced in the past to prevent the Lack from drying out including the construction of artificial raining or water shipping to the Lack. But no practical measures have been taken in this respect.