Heritage of Dede Qorqud/Korkyt Ata/Dede Korkut, epic culture, folk tales and music

Inscribed in 2018 (13.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
The epic culture, folk tales and music of Dede Qorqud/Korkyt Ata/Dede Korkut are based on twelve heroic legends, stories and tales and thirteen traditional musical compositions shared and transmitted across the generations through oral expressions, performing arts, cultural codes and musical compositions. Dede Qorqud appears in each story as a legendary figure and wise individual, a sage of minstrels whose words, music and expressions of wisdom relate to traditions of birth, marriage and death. In the musical compositions, the main intonations are reproduced using a musical instrument called the Kobyz through the sounds of nature, and imitation soundscapes are characteristic of this medium (such as the imitation of a wolf’s howl or a swan’s note). The musical compositions are all interconnected by the epic stories that accompany them. The element encompasses social, cultural and moral values such as heroism, dialogue, physical and spiritual wellness and unity as well as respect for nature, and contains profound knowledge about the history and culture of Turkic-speaking communities. It is practised and sustained by the community concerned on a wide variety of occasions – from family events to national and international festivals – and is therefore well-rooted in society, serving as a connecting thread between generations.

Source: UNESCO

UN: Turks face ethnic discrimination in Iran (South Azerbaijan)

Report By Dr Ahmeed Shaheed United Nations Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran

Azerbaijan and Turkish Community to China: Stop Systematic Oppression Against the Uighurs

Toronto, Canada

Dr. Kavous Seyed Emami on Academic Nationalism Among Iranian Scholars

Dr. Kavous Sayed-Emami-- Nations & Ethnics, Iran's Ethnic Question Revisited: Implications of various conceptualizations of ethnicity, nation, and unity with particular attention to Iranian diversity.

CBC News Interview with Dr. Reza Baraheni

An interview with Dr. Reza Baraheni: Iran's finest living Writer

Iran scrambles to save Lake Urmia

An environmental disaster is unfolding in northwest Iran. Lake Orumiyeh, which was once the largest lake in the Middle East, is rapidly drying up. Water mismanagement, a lack of rain and the building of a nearby dam are some of the causes. The Government has developed 19 solutions to try to save Orumiyeh. Al Jazeera's Soraya Lennie reports from Orumiyeh.

Amnesty International intervews Fakhteh Zamani on Lake Urmia crisis

The Slow Death of Lake Urmia

Terra Informa interviews Alirza Quluncu, Azerbaijani-Canadian Journalist and Activist over Lake Urmia Crisis 

Today Terra Informa leaves the comfort of home for a look at some environmental issues from overseas. We begin by talking to members of the Azerbaijani community about the decline of Lake Urmia in Iran. The lake is home to more than 200 species of birds, and of critical importance to local people, but its water is quickly retreating. And if it disappears, the worst is yet to come. We talk to organizations that are working to save the lake about what's happening, and what can be done to reverse the trend. In the second half of the show, we take a trip to the Usambara Mountains of Tanzania where we talk to an American researcher who is studying the region's bats. She tells us about the area's incredible biodiversity and the role of bats in the ecosystem. And as always, we start things off with a run down of the week's environmental news headlines.


High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay invited individuals from various parts of the world to bore testimony to their experiences with racism in their countries. Fakhteh Zamani was one of the “Voices”

My name is Fakhteh Zamani, and I am the founder and current president of the Association for the Defense of Azerbaijani Political Prisoners in Iran. For three years, I have traveled throughout North America and Europe to speak at various forums in hopes of raising awareness towards Iran's minority groups in their struggle for linguistic and cultural rights.

Despite receiving countless threats to halt my work, I have tried my absolute best to represent those who have fallen victim to human rights abuses and the families and friend who support them.

Iran: What Would Real Democracy Look Like?

Fakhteh Zamani's Speech in Italian Parliament

I would like to thank the UNPO and the Nonviolent Radical Party for organizing such a wonderful and needed conference. It has been my great pleasure and honor to listen to all the esteemed speakers—even those with whom I may not completely share the same views.

Our panel has been tasked with the tricky responsibility of sharing strategies for change and outlining the role of the international community in fostering democratic movements in Iran and its Diaspora. In this short address, I shall discuss the organization I represent, the challenges we face in the Iranian society, why the support of the international community is essential, and conclude with solutions for a better Iran.

How democracy can be the solution to Iran’s ethnic problems?

Dr. Sedigheh Adalati's Speech in Italian Parliament

Honorable members of the Italian Parliament and senate

Ladies and gentlemen

On behalf of the Federal-Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan and as a member of Congress of Nationalities for a Federal Iran , I wish to express my appreciations to UNPO which gives us an opportunity to highlight and discuss the obstacles preventing the transition of the Iranian society to a democratic system. In my speech, I will point out the main reasons behind these obstacles and our strategies to overcome them.

VOA News - On The Line; Human Rights In Iran

Iranian Foreign Minister: %40 of the Iranians speak Turkish

Ok Mr Minister! so why those %40 (which is a minimum number) of the Iranians do not have any language right?

Turkish protesters rally for autonomy in Iranian Azerbaijan - Tabriz 1980

Tens of thousands of people held a march in Tabriz to call for autonomy for the Azerbaijan region of Iran.

During the Iran hostage crisis, violence against the Iranian government spread. Demonstrators for Ayatollah Shariat Madari and Ayatolla Khomeini stagedviolent RIOTS in TABRIZ beginning on January 4, 1980. They got worse on January 12th shown in this NBC News after the execution of 11 members of the Republican Party of the Muslim People. Khomeini's Revoluitionary Guards were blamed. NBC News correspondent Ike Seamans and crew were arrested along with other journalists for covering the violence but were able to smuggled the video out of the city. After this incident foreign journalists were banned from Tabriz. A month later all foreign journalists were kicked out of Iran.

Azerbaijan People's Government (Dec. 1945 - Dec. 1946)

Since the establishment of the Pahlavi dynasty, racism in Iran has hurt significantly the economic and social well being of Azerbaijani Turks. Following the end of the World War II in 1945 when the representatives of Azerbaijani Turks from various groups and classes were gathered in Tabriz, the “Azerbaijan People's Government” was established in South Azerbaijan (Iranian Azerbaijan) and took power from the central government.

Turkish (Türki) became the official language in Azerbaijan, taught in university, schools, and adult education centers, replacing Farsi. For the first time in Iran, women gained the right to elect as well as to be elected and many democratic laws in favor of gender equality were passed. Roads were built and many economic reforms carried out, the magnitude and speed of implementation of which compared even to today was astonishing.

Interview with Fakhteh Zamani, Iranian Azerbaijani minority rights activist, UN, Geneva

English: Interview with Fakhteh Zamani, an Iranian Azerbaijan's Turkish minority rights activist - Human Rights Council, Forum on Minority Issues, United Nations, Geneva, 15-16 December 2008. Interview by Stefano Keller and Cesco Reale, representatives of the Universal Esperanto Association (UEA) to the United Nations (UN) in Geneva. Esperanto: Okaze de la Forumo pri minoritatoj organizita de la Homrajta Konsilio ĉe UN en Ĝenevo, Cesco Reale kaj Stefano Keller intervjuas la aktivulinon Fakhteh Zamani, kiu luktas por la minoritataj rajtoj de la Azerbajĝana popolo en Irano kaj alilande.

Ethnic Turks of Iran's Azerbaijan and the cartoon crisis

Interview with Fakhteh Zamani, Chief Executive Officer and founder of the Association for the Defence of Azerbaijani Political Prisoners in Iran (ADAPP).