Persian Carpet: Another theft of Azerbaijani Heritage and Art by totalitarians

Azerbaijani art in the world are forging in the name of the Persian Carpet Introducing of Azerbaijani carpets as Persian Carpet is art theft
Many western and Oriental scholars think that Iranian people are Persian and therefore they use Persian country, Persian art, Persian history, Persian religion, Persian people, Persian culture and Persian carpet. This consideration of today's Iranian people as Persian goes back to time of Achaemenid Empire that Greece source described those Pars or pers. But today Pars or Fars is the name of one of the ethnic groups and provinces in Iran.

The true beauty of carpets derives from the people who weave carpets. When we talk about the Persian or Iranian people we are not speaking of one broad ethnic group we are talking about many. While most Persians are Indo European a significant portion are Altaic/Turkic, Dravidian, and Afro-Asiatic. Currently the people of Iran speak 79 different languages and countless dialects. Iran’s population is made up of numerous ethnic groups.
The largest ethnic groups of Iran include :Persians(34%), Azerbaijani Turks(34%), Kurds(7%), Arabs(4%), Baluchs(2%) , Gilakis (3%), Mazandaranis(5%) , Lurs(4%) ,Turkmens(3%) and small communities of Armenians, Assyrians, khalajs, Georgians, Pashtuns and etc. Azerbaijani Turks (Azeris) settle in northwestern Iran that is named south Azerbaijan that consists West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardabil, Zanjan, Qazvin, Hamadan Provinces and some counties in Kordestan, Gilan, Kermanshah, Qum and Markazi provinces. Since the early 1900s and with organized migration policy, more than 50 percent of Azeris have been migrating to most large cities in Iran, especially Tehran and Karaj

The Azerbaijani women are skilful Rug makers using Turkish knots. In contrast to other parts of Iran the Turkish knot is used in the provinces of south Azerbaijan and Hamadan.
As is shown in below, In the Turkish knot the yarn is taken twice around two adjacent warp threads and the ends are drawn out between these two threads.
In the Persian (or Sinneh) Knot, the wool thread forms a single turn about the warp thread. One end comes out over this thread and the other over the next warp thread.

Major Weaving Centers in south Azerbaijan: Ardebil, Bijar, Hamadan, Qom, Shiraz (qashqaii), Tabriz, Tehran, Zanjan, Urmiya ,Ahar, Farahan, Firouzabad, Garavan, Ghotlog, Heris, Kaboudar, Ahang, Koliai Khamseh, Khoie, Makou, Malayer, Mahabad, Moghan, Mianeh, Nahavand, Qashqaie, Qazvin, Roudbar, , Sarouk, Shahsavan, Tousirkan, Tafresh, Astara, Kaleybar, Sarab, Abiyak, Bahar, Bonab, Maragheh,Qom, etc.
Major Weaving Centers in north Azerbaijan (Republic of Azerbaijan):
Guba, Shirvan , Baku, Ganja, Gazakh , Garabakh, Shusha , Jabrail, Lankaran

In spite of this clear difference in pattern and knot type between Persian and Azerbaijani (Turkish) carpet, Iranian government and Persian trader are introducing and advertising the Azerbaijani carpet in the fake name of Persian carpet in markets. Unfortunately, nonIranian customers don’t know about this art and cultural robbery that happen in Iran. NonPersian communities are pointing to totalitarian policies of Persian domination and in addition to culture and art, other heritages of these communities for example language, history, tradition, music, dance and etc are denied.
Yashar Bugun.